theworldfrommykitchen

My Global Food Challenge


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Angola

angola-flagRed palm oil is not very prevalent in U.S. cooking, but it is probably second to soybean oil worldwide. It is not harvested from the coconut palm, but from the palm (Elaeis guineensis), endemic to the tropical areas of Africa.

Red Palm oil is very good for you because of its natural nutrients, carotenes (vitamin A precursors) and the super antioxidant tocotrienols (vitamin E isomers). The high concentration of these antioxidants also produce its red coloration. It has no trans fatty acids and has a stable shelf life.   The only contraindications are when using medications that slow blood-clotting such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or Coumadin.   I have only used red palm oil twice during this adventure, but I will certainly consider its addition in my meals in the future.

Additions/Omissions: None

Taste Test: With the squash and the potatoes, the apple flavor (“for an apple soup”) does become overpowered. If you are really hankering for an “apple soup”. adjust the amounts of these three ingredients to taste.

Zip Facts about Angola:

  • While there is no single national identity, Angola has ties to Portugal and other Portuguese-speaking countries
  • Most Angolans drink affordable local beverages, such as palm wine and maize beer, although traditional celebrations, much fewer than in the past, call for soft drinks and bottled beer
  • Discovered a few years ago, the giant sable antelope, thought to be extinct, makes its home only in Angola
  • Its long civil war, from 1975 to 2002, affected all aspects of everyday life in Angola, from increasing the number of widows and incidences of polygamy to widening the age and gender gaps
  • Luanda, Angola’s capital city, is one of the world’s most expensive cities to live in with a meal or two that could cost $300US

Angola rtygP1015227Paulo Kussy

“What’s Angolan about my work is that I’m Angolan. I’m contributing to the development of my country. 
There should not be a preconceived idea of what is Angolan or African or black or white art. Art is all about the individual.”
http://paulokussypintura.blogspot.com/2009_11_23_archive.html

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/angola/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Bahamas

bahamas-flagI chose this recipe because of the lime, despite my slight allergy to some citrus.  I used the suggested amount, but I am sure a little less would have been just as good.  Because of the evening time constraints I sometimes have, I changed the method of cooking, although I did marinate the chicken as described.  I preheated the oven to 375oC and added all of the ingredients to a roasting pan.  After 30 minutes in the oven, I raised the temperature to 425oC and brought the chicken over the top of the veggies, broiling for another 30 minutes.

Additions/Omissions: used boneless skinless whole chicken thighs instead of wings, because I had them on hand and needed to use them.

Taste Test: Quite delicious, especially if you like lime

Zip Facts about the Bahamas:

  • Bahamas comes from the Spanish “baja mar” meaning “shallow water”. It is an archipelago of about 700 islands, about 30 are inhabited.  Nassau, the capital and largest city, is found on the main island of New Providence
  • The Bahamas has no income or corporate taxes
  • According to Bahamian folklore, “chickcharnies”, three-toed sprites with red eyes, hand upside down from trees on Andros island, were known to spin men’s heads around backwards
  • Junkanoo is a carnival-like celebration held on Christmas and New Year’s, where costumed merrymakers parade to the drumming from goatskin “goombays”
  • Seafood and peas with rice are the most important staples of the Bahamian diet with the conch shellfish a national favorite

bahamas STAN-BURNSIDE-ART2Stan Burnside

http://artistsofthebahamas.com/artists.html

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/bahamas/

Link to Map:  https://theworfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-northamerica.pdf

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Belgium

belgium-flagBooyah Chicken! This particular recipe came from a military base in Belgium and seems to be a fitting name for the dish.  However, the name Booyah does not come from the military.  The dish originated in Belgium and was brought to the northeastern part of Wisconsin in 1853 by Belgian immigrants.  It is a very hearty soup/stew made primarily with chicken but may include other meats, and has been referred to fondly as “Belgian Penicillin.”  There is some discussion about the origin of the name, some say it comes from the word “bouillon” or the French word “bouillir”, others insist that it comes from “bouyu” in the Belgian Walloon language.

Additions/Omissions: For usual reasons in this challenge, I did not use the pork and left out the rosemary.  Since the dinner fell during Passover, I had to leave out the peas (legumes) and the green beans (different groups say that green beans are OK for Passover since they do not soak up water and swell like other beans).  But when in doubt, leave it out.  I also cut the chicken and beef, before boiling, into small bite-size pieces.

Taste Test: very good, the smaller chunks of chicken and beef kept them very tender

Zip Facts about Belgium:

  • Belgium, considered one of the “low countries” with land at or below sea level, is populated by two major groups, the Flemish and the Walloons
  • Stamp collecting and model trains are popular pastimes for Belgians, who are known traditionally for crafts such as lacemaking, tapestry, pottery, hand puppets and marionettes
  • On Shrove Tuesday in Binche, the “March of the Gilles” parades men in padded costumes and white hats with ostrich plumes who pelt spectators with oranges and bags of water
  • The Cat Festival of Ypres celebrates the medieval overpopulation of cats that were brought into town to “fix” the rat infestation. Revelers toss stuffed toy cats off the rooftops to mimic the “fixing” of the cat problem
  • Among the very popular dishes in Belgium are the carbonades of beef stewed in Belgian beer. In addition to over 300 varieties of beer, Belgian specialties include chocolate and wafflesBelgium 3311_o_alfred_stevens

Alfred Stevens (1823-1906) – A Japanese from Paris (1872)

http://wiki.cultured.com/people/Alfred_Stevens/

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/belgium

Link to Map:   https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-europe.pdf

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Belarus

belarus-flagIts been a great opportunity this year for holiday celebrations to look for a global recipe that might fit or enhance the festive meal. Well, Belarus coincided with Passover and I found one for a Byelorussian Kolduny Potato Pancake stuffed with ground meat. I did have some ground beef in the fridge

I followed the directions for the pancakes exactly, using a grinder to make the potato “batter” and, although it was smooth, I could not “form” the batter into pancakes with the amount of flour recommended. I was hesitant to add that much more flour so I altered the cooking method, finishing all the pancakes in the pan on one side, flipping them, and added the meat patties. I covered the patty with the cooked side of the second pancake, then flipped the whole stuffed pancake. They were finished off in the oven and kept in the warming drawer until the meal.

Additions/Omissions: did not use the ground chicken so doubled the beef, chicken would have added more moisture to the patty

Taste Test: I obviously had some difficulty with this recipe, using ground chicken might have helped with the juiciness of the patty, but the recipe was scaled down so it is possible that the consistency issues of the pancakes resulted from this adjustment. I do not think that the ratio of flour to potato batter worked well here. All in all, the overall taste wasn’t bad, but I would probably look for a different recipe, if I ever made this again.

Zip Facts about Belarus:

  • Called Belarus since the 12th C, Belarus has fought hard for its independence, from its Russian takeover in the 18th C, its 1918 independent Belarusan Democratic Republic declaration, overthrown again to become the Belarussian Soviet Socialist Republic, which joined the Soviet Union in 1922 and seceded in 1991
  • In Belarus, rites of passage into adulthood include graduations from high school and from college and entry into military service and are grandly celebrated
  • Many popular Belarusan dishes are made with potatoes, which are plentiful and can be prepared in a great variety of ways. Hot borscht (originally from Ukraine) which is a traditional soup of beetroot and cabbage, is served as a first course in the winter months, and a cold dish in warmer weather
  • Both Christmas and Easter are very important holidays in Belarus and are celebrated traditionally with food, performances, and religious services. Christmas (Kolady) starts with a special meal on Christmas Eve (Kootia) with a dozen or more Lenten dishes served in order, a portion of which is set aside for familial ancestors
  • Belarusian straw weaving, an art form from the 17th and 18th C which created intricate figures and traditional animals presumably for nature worship, was revived in the mid 20th C by contemporary artists for more abstract expressions

belarus - savitskyMikhail Savitsky ‘Partisan Madonna (of Minsk)’. 1978. Oil on canvas. National Art Museum of the Republic of Belarus

http://artbelarus.by/en/news/39.html

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/belarus

Link to Map:   https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-europe.pdf

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Bahrain

bahrain-flagBahārāt, the plural of bahār (meaning spice in Arabic), is a great spice blend usually found in Middle Eastern cuisine, the components of which differ regionally and culturally. I have used this mix before, for both Iraq and Syria (click on Syria for my take on the spice blend recipe, which moves more toward the savory than the sweet), and I have come to appreciate the aromas and flavors of these various global seasonings (see Spice Blends).

Additions/Omissions: I only used baharat spice blend and omitted the khaliji mixed spice (Gulf Spices – Ibzar).

Taste Test: As you probably can tell, I really like the baharat spice blends.

Zip Facts about Bahrain:

  • In 2002, a new Constitution was created which stipulated an elected Parliament and gave women the right to vote for the first time in Bahrain
  • “Bahrain” in Arabic means two sources of water (the dual form of “bahr” or sea), salt water from the seas and sweet water from the springs
  • Standing alone in the Desert of Bahrain is the “Tree of Life”, a 400 year-old Mesquite tree, the water source of which is unknown
  • According to some scholars, the area surrounding Bahrain was the ancient land of Dilmun, which bears some semblance to the “Garden of Eden”
  • Generally, greetings are lengthy and everyone stands when someone enters the room. After shaking hands, touching one’s hand to the heart is a sign of affection.  Men and women may shake hands but only if initiated by the woman

Bahrain Yousif A4-221Nasser Al-Yousif (1940 – 2006), “Hope” 1978

http://www.nasseralyousif.com/Nasser%20AlYousif/Oils%20%26%20Acrylics.html

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/bahrain/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-asia1.pdf

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Bhutan

bhutan-flagKewa Datshi (potatoes with chillies and cheese) is a favorite Bhutanese dish, made with sun dried red and green chillies and local semi-dry cottage cheese.  The recipe I chose called for chili powder, which I used, but I am sure it would even be better with red and green chillies. There are other “Datshi” dishes you might also like to try: Ema Datshi, which are just the chilies with cheese, or add mushrooms to the basic recipe for Shamu Datshi.

Additions/Omissions:   I used equal parts of swiss and gruyere for the Kewa Datshi.

Taste Test: The chicken and cucumber dishes were also good.

Zip Facts about Bhutan:

  • Bhutan is a landlocked country and is considered one of the most isolated nations in the world, not only because of its geography but also intentionally to preserve its identity, traditional culture, and its environment
  • Business Week named Bhutan the happiest country in Asia and eight on the list of the happiest nations in the world
  • Bhutan is the only country in the world where tobacco sales are banned. Television and internet access were also banned until 1999
  • Colors denote social class and status in Bhutan’s mandatory dress code, traditional dress is knee-length for men and ankle-length for women
  • Polygamy is legal in Bhutan, but not very common. Marrying foreigners is not permissible

Bhutan IMG_1483Phurba Namgay, “Dragon Has Nice Tail”

http://theculturetrip.com/asia/bhutan/articles/blending-the-ancient-and-the-modern-bhutanese-thangka-painter-phurba-namgay/

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/bhutan/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-asia1.pdf

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Botswana

botswana-flagThis recipe reminds me of how much I don’t know about making pastry, even the savory kind.  I did have some issues with rolling and folding the dough.  I could tell that my pastry was a bit too thick when I cut out the 6-inch circles.  I tried to roll it thinner, but the pastry did not hold up to the filling.

Additions/Omissions:   I followed this recipe exactly, no modifications.

Taste Test:  The filling by itself was incredibly moist and flavorful.

Zip Facts about Botswana:

  • Botswana is one of the “Four Corners of Africa”, the only place in the world where four countries meet, joining Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe
  • It probably does not rain money in Botswana, but the national currency is “Pula”, which means “rain”
  • Batswana (the plural form of people from Botswana) sometimes refer to foreigners as “lekgoa”, which could be translated as “spat out by the sea”
  • Botswana is the world’s largest producer of valued diamonds
  • Despite the fact that Botswana has the largest elephant population in Africa, the national animal is the zebra

Botswana - GolliferAnn Gollifer, “What am I Doing Here? Ke Dirang Ha?” exhibition

http://anngollifer.com/gallery_images/kedirangha/large/single%20large.jpg

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/botswana/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Burkina Faso

burkina faso-flagGinger confit? Not having any formal training and learning as I go, I have heard about, but never made, duck confit. But ginger confit, was this a condiment or a method of cooking?

Confit comes from the French “confire” (to preserve), and was originally a way to slow cook foods like meats, fruits, and vegetables, and store in the sugary or fatty liquid to to form a barrier to bacterial growth. I recently learned that there is a big difference between barbecue and grilling (I probably watch a little too much “Chopped” on Food Network), and I believe the same analogy had been made between confit and deep frying, a matter of time and temperature. Low and slow, with the fat temperature between 190 and 200 degrees F.

So maybe it is just semantics, preparing a ginger “confit” to confit the chicken.

Additions/Omissions:  Always on the lookout for good substitutions for fish sauce (see link below for recipe)

Taste Test:  Very good

Zip Facts about Burkina Faso:

  • Formerly Upper Volta, named for the headwaters of three waterways, the Black, White, and Red Volta Rivers, Burkina Faso gained independence from France in 1960
  • Burkina Faso is second to South Africa in its production of GMO crops. As a landlocked country south of the Sahara Desert, drought is a major concern
  • In the Moore language, the country’s name means “Land of Incorruptible (or Honorable Men”)
  • Fertility rates in Burkina Faso are very high, Burkinake women average six children which has increased the population drastically in the last century
  • Africa’s most prominent film festival, the biennial Fespaco is held in Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso HarounaHarouna Ouédraogo

http://harouna.centerblog.net/4.html

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/burkina-faso/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Benin

benin-flagI found recipes for chicken, with peanuts and red palm oil.  This is the first time I have come across red palm oil in cooking, despite the fact that I have done scientific research on isolated and purified vitamin constituents, particularly vitamin E tocotrienols, like those found in red palm oil.  I wasn’t sure of the taste, but the health benefits are well documented.

I wanted to translate those ingredients and flavors into a pretty tasty meatball.  I generally come up with a meatball recipe whenever I am craving a pasta dinner, especially when I am searching for recipes from a country that does not normally cook or eat pasta.  The trick is to balance the taste and texture when adding different ingredients.   Sometimes with ground chicken it is a little more difficult than ground beef, pork, or lamb to maintain the proper consistency as meatballs.

Additions/Omissions:  My recipe

Taste Test:  Good flavor and texture

Zip Facts about Benin:

  • From 1960 to 1975, the Republic of Benin was known as Dahomey. The name Benin comes from the Bight of Benin, a bay in the Gulf of Guinea
  • The magical religion Voodoo, still practiced in parts of Benin, derives its name from the word “vodun” which, in the Fon language of the Beninese, means “god” or “spirit”
  • ‘A rose by any other name…’ the capital city of Benin is known as the “City with Three Names”: Porto-Novo, Adjatche, and Hogbonou
  • When greeting, men shake with their right hands, and deference is given to the eldest person
  • For the Beninese, the main economic activity was farming and because many hands were needed on the family farms, the incidences of polygamy increased

Benin RafiyRafiy Okefolahan, “Children At Play”

http://www.artsper.com/fr/oeuvres-d-art-contemporain/peinture/19156/les-enfants-au-jeu

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/benin/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Chile

chile-flagAdditions/Omissions:

Taste Test:                                                                                                    

Zip Facts about Chile:

  • Chile boasts the driest place, the Atacama Desert; the highest lake, the crater lake (Lake Chungara) of Ojos del Salado; and the highest historically active volcano, the Ojos del Salado volcano, on Earth
  • The Chinchorro mummies, considered the oldest mummies in the world, were discovered in Chile
  • Chile may have the lowest divorce rates in the world, possibly because divorce was not legalized there until 2005
  • It is also referred to as país de poetas (country of poets) by the people of Chile, mainly for their two Nobel Prize Laureates, Gabriela Mistral (1945) and Pablo Neruda (1971)
  • Easter Island, a Polynesian island and Chilean territory far off the west coast, is famous for its 887 giant moai figures carved from volcanic stone

Chile roberto-matta-bringing-the-light-without-painRoberto Matta – “Bringing Light without Pain” (1955)

https://animationbegins.wordpress.com/tag/roberto-matta/

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/chile/

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Dominica

dominica-flagChicken and fruit? What could be bad about that? A prepared mango chutney was listed in the ingredients, but I had the time to make one from scratch (see the Caribbean chutney recipe). In one of my Food Network marathons, I watched Geoffrey Zakarian, one of my all-time favorite chefs, easily cut a mango from its pit, close to the pit on the flat sides and trim to the pit on the other sides. Obvious, until you are working with a slippery mango.

Additions/Omissions:   Considering my family’s palates, I tend to go easy on the peppers, so half of a Habañero pepper was plenty for the chutney, and I omitted the mustard seed. I also used ripe ginger, since I had it on hand.

Taste Test: The chicken and mango salad were excellent, and despite the substitutions and omissions, so was the chutney.

Zip Facts about the Dominica:

  • Major scenes from both “Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man’s Chest” and “POTC: At World’s End” were filmed in Dominica
  • The economy of Dominica relies heavily on banana production and exportation. Tourism serves as a needed boost when banana values drop.  Watch out for the many inhabitants that carry cutlasses (machetes) around town
  • Dominica comes from the Latin word meaning “Sunday”, the country’s original name is Wai’tukubuli, which translates as “tall is her body”
  • Since 1978, Ross University (associated with DeVry USA) has been successfully educating the world’s doctors
  • “Boiling Lake”, in Dominica, is the world’s second largest hot spring

Dominica MarcellePauline Marcelle, “Bend Down Boutique 61” (2012)

http://arcthemagazine.com/arc/2012/06/pauline-marcelle-everywhere-is-somewhere-else/

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/dominica/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-northamerica.pdf

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Dominican Republic

dominican republic-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about the Dominican Republic:

  • Dominican Republic (DR) is considered the oldest country of the Americas, reached first in 1492 by Christopher Columbus. It is the second largest Caribbean island (after Cuba)
  • The Amber Museum in Puerto Plata holds the amber with the trapped mosquito that appeared in the movie, “Jurassic Park”
  • Baseball, golf, and big game fishing are very popular in the Dominican Republic which sport some of the best golf courses in the world and has nurtured some of the best baseball players
  • Because DR grows, farms, or catches almost all foods served for meals there, it is considered the “breadbasket of the Caribbean”
  • Mamajuana, a DR drink similar to port wine and considered an aphrodisiac, contains rum, red wine, tree bark, herbs, and honey

Domican Rep Olivia Peguero Life SeasonsOlivia Peguero – “Life Seasons” (2003)

http://www.latinamericanart.com/en/artworks/olivia-peguero-life-seasons.html

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/dominican-republic/

Link to Map:   https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-northamerica.pdf

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Ethiopia

ethiopia-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Ethiopia:

  • Ethiopia is the only country in Africa with its own alphabet which consists of 209 symbols and 25 letter variants
  • Ethiopia is Africa’s oldest independent country. Its capital, Addis Ababa, means “new flower” in Amharic
  • Ethiopians mark time in a slightly different way than most of the world, they are the only country that follow the Julian calendar, 12 months of 30 days and a 13th month of 5 or 6 days, and roughly 7.5 years behind the Gregorian calendar. Time is measured from when the sun rises, so 6 am would be 12 o’clock, and noon and midnight are 6:00 in Ethiopia
  • Only two nations in the world have never been colonized, Russia and Ethiopia. Ethiopia was briefly occupied by Italy from 1936 to 1941
  • Coffee was discovered in the Kaffa region of Ethiopia

Ethiopia desta2

Desta Hagos, the first Ethiopian woman to have a solo art exhibition

http://www.afroriche.com/?p=2647

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/ethiopia/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Equatorial Guinea

equatorial guinea-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Equatorial Guinea:

  • Equatorial Guinea is the smallest country in Africa that is also a member of the United Nations, the country actually straddles the equator with the mainland to the north
  • The national symbol is the silk cotton tree, featured on the coat of arms of Equatorial Guinea, under which Spanish settlers and a native leader signed the first treaty
  • The coat of arms also contains six stars which represent the six major land areas, including Río Muni (or Mbini) on the mainland, and five islands: Bioko, Corisco, Great Elobey, Little Elobey, and Annobón.
  • To cleanse the community of evil, Bubi farmers still celebrate the ancient tradition of the abira, which includes music and dance, a pot of water at the entrance to the village and amulets placed outside the village for protection
  • The bride becomes part of the husband’s family after marriage, and a dowry is still given to the family of the bride

EG Leandro Mbomio Nsue - Oeuvre 1Don Leandro Mbomio Nsue (1938-2010), “Elat Ayong (Union del Pueblo)”

http://www.france-guineeequatoriale.org/images/Leandro%20Mbomio%20Nsue%20-%20Oeuvre%201.jpg

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/equatorial-guinea/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Ecuador

ecuador-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Ecuador:

  • Ecuador was inhabited by Native Americans before the Incas settled, and conquered by Spain in 1533
  • The Galapagos Islands, the first National Park of Ecuador, became part of Ecuador in 1832 and is home to many unique endangered subspecies such as the giant tortoises. In June 2012, Lonesome George, the sole surviving Pinta Island tortoise, died and was preserved for posterity
  • Only two countries in South America do not share a border with Brazil, Ecuador and Chile
  • Most of the world’s bananas come from Ecuador. Ecuador grows many of the Dutch roses that are exported
  • Traditionally, Ecuadorians burn the old year “ano viejo”, by making and burning a puppet which represents all of the bad things of the past year

Ecuador araceli-gilbertAraceli Gilbert (1913-1993)

http://www.pintoreslatinoamericanos.com/2013/09/pintores-ecuatorianos-araceli-gilbert.html

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/ecuador/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-southamerica.pdf

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Eritrea

eritrea-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Eritrea:

  • The People’s Front for Democracy and Justice is the only political party in Eritrea, elections have been scheduled and cancelled on a regular basis but none have ever taken place
  • Eritrea dedicated an entire uninhabited coastline of its Dahlak islands as a reserve for wildlife and pearl production
  • Eritrea, which means red and was named for the Red Sea, joined Ethiopia politically in 1951, was annexed in 1962, and gained its independence from Ethiopia in 1993. It has a very rich history, ranking second in Africa (after Egypt) with the most archeological treasures
  • Except for the Kunama lowland group, all ethic Eritrean cultures are patrilineal, the man is the public decision maker, and sons inherit in family possessions. Marriages are monogamous and mainly arranged by contract, involving a dowry
  • Traditional foods are eaten without using silverware and with the right hand only, the left is considered to be tainted

eritrea detailthe-crescent

Michael Adonai, “The Crescent Moon”

http://michaeladonai.net/art/

Link to Recipe: http://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/eritrea/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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El Salvador

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Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about the El Salvador:

  • El Salvador is the smallest country and the only country without an Atlantic coastline in Central America
  • El Salvador waged a war with Honduras over a soccer game
  • El Salvador has been called the “Land of the Volcanos, one in particular, the Izalco volcano (El Faro or “Lighthouse of the Pacific”) had been erupting regular since 1770 creating a “beacon” in the night sky
  • Corn is a staple in the El Salvadoran diet, eaten in thick tortillas, served in tamales, or in “atoll”, a thick corn drink. In September, Salvadorans eat “elotes”, or new corn, before the corn hardens
  • Many marriages in El Salvador are common law, the couples establishes a household and has children without any formal service. Marriages performed in churches are irreversible, so couples wait and many have children before marrying

el salvador canjura_noe_refletNoe Canjura (1922-1970) – “Reflet (Reflection)”, 1960

http://www.artoftheprint.com/artistpages/canjura_noe_reflet.htm

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/el-salvador/

Link to Map:   https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/03/recipemap-northamerica.pdf

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Fiji

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Taste Test:                                                                                                    

Zip Facts about Fiji:

  • Of the thousands of islands and coral outcrops that make up the Fiji archipelago, only 322 are large enough but only 106 are inhabited by human populations
  • Fiji is located on the 180o meridian (the International Dateline). Somewhere on the island of Tavueni, you can straddle both today and yesterday
  • Education for Fijians is mandatory but provided free until the age of sixteen
  • “Bula” is a customary greeting in Fiji, which means “welcome” or “cheers”
  • A popular game on New Year’s Eve is “kick the orange” (veicaqe moli), where village women on the winning team present new clothes to the losing team

Fiji_01_f PeniLedua Peni, “Tobo Ika Ena Vanua Mamaca” (2012)

http://artasiapacific.com/Magazine/Almanac2013/Fiji

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/fiji

532px-Fiji_2012_Year_of_Dragon_sheetlet


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Guinea

guinea-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Guinea:

  • Guinea was the only Africa colony to vote for a new constitution or immediate independence in 1958 when Charles de Gaulle of France offered those opportunities
  • Guinea is sometimes called Guinea-Conakry to avoid confusion between Guinea-Bissau after its capital and largest city. It is believed that the name “Guinea” came from the Susu word “guinè” meaning woman was misunderstood by arriving Europeans, who encountered women washing clothes in an estuary, thought they were referring to the geographic area rather than themselves
  • Almost half of the Guinea population is under 15 so colonial rule is quickly becoming ancient history
  • Many Guineas can only afford to eat one meal a day and proteins may be lacking as well. Despite this, visitors arriving at mealtime are encourage to join in and may be eaten from a communal bowl with spoons.  Men may eat from a different bowl than the women and it is considered impolite to walk and eat at the same time
  • Women, especially in the rural areas of the country, may spend a portion of her life in a polygamous marriage, giving birth to an average of five children and being considerably less educated. Other taking care of the children, the cooking and the cleaning, they are expected to contribute by weeding and gardening the family plots

Guinea Namsa Leuba

Namsa Leuba (Photographer), “The African Queens”

http://theculturetrip.com/africa/nigeria/articles/the-4-female-african-artists-you-should-know-a-contemporary-feminine-world/

Link to Recipe: http://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/guinea/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Gabon

gabon-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Gabon:

  • Despite the fact that most Gabonese consider themselves as Roman Catholic, many of them still hold animist (spirit) beliefs and witchcraft is still alive
  • In Gabon, funerals are incredibly elaborate events, mourners attend to the body for days without sleeping
  • Polygamy is legal in Gabon, but couples must sign and register marriage contracts as either monogamous or polygamous
  • The main meal in Gabon is served in the middle of the day and leftovers are usually served in the evening. The main dietary staple is manioc root, also known as cassava, yuca, arrowroot, or tapioca
  • Palm wine, along with a hallucinogenic and stimulant root (eboga) is used in many traditional ceremonies, to share with and to “see” their ancestors

Gabon 5238_1000Boris Nzebo, Neo Pop Art (born in Gabon, lives and works in Cameroon)

http://www.iam-africa.com/boris-nzebo-africapillaire/

Link to Recipe: http://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/gabon/

Link to Map: https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

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Gambia

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Zip Facts about Gambia:

  • The Republic of The Gambia (formerly British), the smallest country in mainland Africa, is bordered by on three sides by Senegal (formerly French), with its small west coast on the Atlantic Ocean
  • The highest point in The Gambia is Red Rock at 53m above sea level, there are no mountains to climb here
  • The capital city, Banjul, is one of the first towns to be established in West Africa, and is the sister city of Newark, New Jersey
  • “Roots”, the 1977 TV series was filmed in The Gambia
  • Baboon Islands, a rehabilitation center for chimpanzees, is off limits to human visitors

Gambia dancing_lady_juteIsha Fofana, “Dancing Lady”

http://farakunku-lodges.com/sample_programme.html

Link to Recipe: http://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/gambia/ 

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

400px-Gambia_1996_Queen's_70th_Birthday_MS


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Guinea-Bissau

guinea-bissau-flagAdditions/Omissions:  

Taste Test:                                                                                                  

Zip Facts about Guinea-Bissau:

  • Guinea, used by the Europeans to refer to the African West Coast, comes from the Arabic term meaning “the land of the blacks.” The combination with Bissau (the capital), possibly derived from “Bijago” naming the ethnic island inhabitants along the coast, helps to distinguish this country from Guinea
  • Until the coup in 1980, Guinea-Bissau and the Cape Verde Islands were one country
  • Both traditional and current marriage practices exist in Guyana. There are still some arranged marriages in rural areas, polygamy is accepted, men marry later than women, and widows often remarry their husband’s brother
  • Rice is both a staple and prestige food and is imported for the urban population. Livestock is still sacrificed for consumption and ritual offering during elaborate life cycle ceremonies
  • Guinea Bissau is the world’s sixth largest producer of the cashew nut which makes up 90% of its exports

Guinea Bissau Lemos_Djata_-_Untitled_2_1024x1024Lemos Djata, “Exaustão”

http://www.dinjuga.com/collections/lemos-djata/products/exaustao

Link to Recipe: https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/guinea-bissau/

Link to Map:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/recipemap-africa.pdf

584px-Guinea_Bissau_2012_Physicists_sheetlet


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Israel

israel-flagAdditions/Omissions:

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Zip Facts about Israel:

  • According to the Bible, the name Israel was given to Jacob by God. The distinct nationalities, the Jews and Arabs that reside there, define their tradition and culture by their respective religions
  • The national official language is Hebrew, the modern version of which was designed by the Lithuanian Eliezer Ben-Yehuda in the 1880s. Historically, biblical Hebrew was used in prayer and Yiddish was the spoken language
  • Everyday cuisine in Israel may include some typical Middle Eastern dishes such as falafel (ground chickpeas with onions and spices), tabuleh (bulgar wheat salad with chopped vegetables, baklava, and Turkish coffee. Jewish celebrations may include challah, hamentaschen, matzoh, or cholent (a thick stew simmered overnight)
  • There are over 40 kosher McDonalds in Israel, the only other one is in Buenos Aires. The glue on Israeli stamps is also kosher
  • It is estimated that, per capita, Israeli academics publish more scientific journal articles than anywhere else worldwide

Israel Irene Gendelman - Tutt'Art@ (21)Irene Gendelman

http://www.tuttartpitturasculturapoesiamusica.com/search/label/Israeli%20Artist

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/israel/

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Indonesia

indonesia-flagAdditions/Omissions:

Taste Test:                                                                                                    

Zip Facts about Indonesia:

  • Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago nation, and the fourth most populous nation in the world (203 million on almost 1000 islands). “Tanah Air Kita”, from the native language referring to the homeland, means “Our Land and Water”
  • Nicknames, based on the last syllable of the full name, are very popular for Indonesians
  • The cuisine of Indonesia is inspired by the numerous and diverse ethnic groups including Chinese, Middle Eastern, Indian, Portuguese, and the Dutch rijsttafel (the rice table). Traditional family meals include rice and a side dish of boiled vegetables and dried fish or a meat curry
  • After Brazil, Indonesia is considered to have the world’s second greatest biodiversity with thousands of varied fauna and flora which includes the Rafflesia, the largest flower in the world
  • Art abounds in many forms on the beautiful island of Bali, yet there is no word for “art” in Balinese

Indonesia mochtar-but-1930-1993-indonesi-three-seated-ladies-3251787

Mochtar Apin (1923 – 1994) – “Three Seated Ladies” (1959)

http://www.artvalue.com/auctionresult–mochtar-but-1930-1993-indonesi-three-seated-ladies-3251787.htm

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/indonesia/

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India

india-flagAdditions/Omissions:

Taste Test:                                                                                                    

Zip Facts about India:

  • There are major geographic and religious difference in the Indian diet, those that eat rice and those who subsist on wheat and other grains, those that do not eat pork (Muslims, Jews, and Sikhs) and those that do not consume beef (Hindus)
  • Farming is the largest source of employment with 73% of India’s population living in rural areas
  • Although the caste system has its origins in the fate and reincarnation theories of Hinduism, organization by castes are still prevalent throughout the Muslim, Christian and Jewish populations in India
  • Mumbai (formerly Bombay and known as the “City of Dreams” houses the largest movie industry in the world. Almost of the Bollywood movies (the B in the name comes from Bombay) are musicals
  • Marigolds are symbols of happiness and good fortune and are used to decorate many Hindu weddings. The lotus flower is considered sacred for both Hindus and Buddhists
  • It is impolite to eat with the left hand, and in addition to washing hands before meals, the face and legs may also be rinsed. Women often eat after the men

India viswanadhanViswanadhan

http://www.timotca.org/art/India.html

Link to Recipe:  https://theworldfrommykitchen.wordpress.com/india/

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